Intrauterine Insemination(IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing of sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the fertilization. Before IUI, the woman should be evaluated for any hormonal imbalance, infection or any other structural problems. Insemination is performed at the time of ovulation. Ovulation is predicted by a urine test kit or blood test and ultrasound. In the case of husband insemination, the male partner produces a specimen, at home or at the clinic or doctor’s office. IUI is also used with specially prepared donor sperm. The sperm bank sends the doctor’s office sperm that is already prepared for IUI.IUI is relatively procedure and is performed in the doctor’s office without any anesthesia.
In Vitro Fertilization(IVF)
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is a complex series of procedures used to treat fertility or genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. During IVF mature eggs are collected or retrieved from the ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) eggs are implanted in the uterus. One cycle of IVF takes about two weeks. IVF is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology. The procedure can be done using your own eggs and your partner’s sperm. IVF may involve eggs, sperm or embryos from an unknown or anonymous donor. In some cases, a gestational carrier- a woman who has an embryo implanted in her uterus – might be used.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection(ICSI)
ICSI or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is the most successful treatment for men who are infertile and are used in almost half of the IVF treatments. ICSI only requires the sperm, which is injected directly into the egg. The fertilized egg (embryo) is then transferred into your uterus (womb).
Pre Implantation Genetic Diagnosis(PGD)
PGD (Pre Implantation Genetic Diagnosis) is a reproductive laboratory procedure performed in conjunction with in vitro fertilization (IVF) to help detect genetic diseases. PGD can be used for diagnosis of a genetic disease in early embryos prior to implantation and pregnancy. In addition, this technology can be utilized in the field of assisted reproduction for aneuploidy screening and diagnosis of unbalanced treatment of chromosome abnormalities, such as translocations and inversions. Even families in search of a bone marrow donor may be able to use PGD to bring a child into the world by providing matching stem cells.
Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening(PGS)
PGS (Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening) is an IVF procedure designed to examine your embryos for chromosomal abnormalities. An embryo biopsy is taken either at day 3 or day 5 and all 24 chromosomes are examined—the 22 non-sex chromosomes plus the two sex chromosomes (X & Y) in time for your embryo transfer. PGS aims at improving pregnancy and live birth rates by screening your embryos for chromosomal abnormalities.
Embryo Preservation and Frozen Embryo Transfer
Preservation of embryos is generally done at the embryogenesis stage before pre-implementation. Embryos are stored to transfer or donate by using eggs and sperm. The leftover embryos from previous fresh IVF are frozen, thawed and then transferred to a woman's uterus. People gone through an unsuccessful IVF cycle can have help form FET cycle. This service is also for the parents who have successfully delivered a child but desires to raise the family.
In surrogacy system the pregnancy is carried by a woman for a couple. The father's sperm is artificially inseminated into the womb of another woman, who is called a surrogate. She is the biological mother of the baby. She makes and arrangement with the parents for carrying the baby. After giving birth to the child, the surrogate legally hands over the baby to the parents and she does not hold any right afterwards.
Semen contains the sperm and the fluid that releases during the time of orgasm. Preserving semen simply refers to preserving the sperm cells. The benefit of preserving sperm is that it can be stored for a long time. In those cases where the parents need the treatment somewhere else or another time, or if the male is going to go through any treatment where he may lose his fertility, semen preservation is the best option they can have.
Blastocyst culture is preserving and developing embryos more than 3 days after fertilization in IVF cycle before being transferred into the uterus. A blastocyst contains 2 distinct cell types and a cavity filled up with fluid. Through this process the increase in pregnancy rate and decrease in multiple pregnancy rates can happen simultaneously.
Testicular Sperm Extraction and Testicular Sperm Aspiration
In some cases, there are no sperm in the ejaculation or there might be sperm present in some parts of the men but there is blockage in the tube that is supposed to carry sperm from testicles. These two processes of TESE and TESA are for those male who are facing these problems in their life. TESE is a surgical biopsy through which lots of sperm can be retrieved where TESA is done removing small tissue and fluid with the help of needle.
Through the procedure of ovum or egg donation an infertile woman can have the taste of pregnancy too. One or more unfertile ovum is retrieved from a fertile woman and her role as a donor is complete. Then the intended woman chooses the sperm donor. After that the ovum and sperm processed and fertile though the IVF cycle and then the zygote transplanted in another woman’s womb and she gives birth to the baby, although she is not the biological mother.
Embryo donation is a little bit different from the ovum donation. Unlike ovum donation, in embryo donation both the sperm and egg are donated. After one couple’s IVF cycle is complete, the leftover fertile embryos is donated to an infertile couple or kept for research. Like ovum donation after donation the donor parent or person has no right on the child.
WORLD CLASS TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS :
- ICSI machine for poor sperm count
- Triple gas incubator for day-5 embroyo culture
- E poxy floor/ Bioclade in wall for Dust free environment.
- AHU-Air Handling unit for ‘VOC’ maintain and positive air pressure which also maintain the humidity inside the lab along with AC