What is male infertility?
The male sperm travels through the female’s cervix into her uterus to her fallopian tubes. After the sperm and egg meet, the process of fertilization occurs. In most of the IVF couples, 40 percent of the cases are due to male’s infertility. Fertility treatments for male infertility include in vitro fertilization (IVF), maybe lifestyle changes, sometimes hormone therapy and sometimes they can try surgical techniques on the male to retrieve sperm health.
Male infertility is the inability to produce healthy sperm which has the ability and fertilizes with the female egg. Infertility is generally doubted when couples do not get pregnant even after one year of regular sexual intercourse.
Scientists have discovered that our lifestyle is also a major factor affecting infertility in men. Some of them include:
Illicit drug use – Use of steroids can cause testicles to shrink and cocaine, as well as marijuana, may cause low sperm count as well as quality.
Alcohol use – Drinking alcohol causes low testosterone levels, dysfunction during erection and also decreases overall production as well as sperm count. A liver disease which is caused by exceeding drinking habits also may also lead to fertility problems.
Tobacco smoking– Men who smoke more than usual may have a lower sperm count than do those who don’t. Passive smoking habits may also affect male fertility.
Emotional stress– Stress and hormones are related to each other and affect the ability of the body to produce sperm. Severe emotional stresses are leading causes of fertility issues and can affect the sperm count.
Weight – Obesity means too much fat in a human body. It can also affect fertility in several ways, including sperm health and causes hormones that reduce male fertility.
Symptoms of infertility you should look out for
- Some males exhibit sexual inabilities like difficulty with ejaculation, small volumes of fluid while ejaculation occurs and sometimes difficulty in maintaining an erection.
- Lump, pain and sometimes swelling in the groin area.
- Checking sperm count. If the sperm is fewer than 15 million per millilitre of ejaculated semen or if the total sperm count is less than 39 million per sperm ejaculated.
- Respiratory infections.
- Inability to smell.
- Hormonal inability whose signs and symptoms are less growth of facial as well as body hair.
Confirm your infertility! A simple test that will clear your doubts:
- General physical examination and medical history
- Semen analysis
- Semen analysis
- Hormone testing
- Post-ejaculation urinalysis
- Genetic tests
- Testicular biopsy
- Testicular biopsy
- Transrectal ultrasound
Treatment of Male Fertility
There are several ways in which male infertility can be cured completely and taken care of. The success rates for the treatment are a staggering 50 percent. Let us discuss the variety of treatment options that an Infertility male can opt for:
- Holistic fertility and lifestyle changes- It means a complete treatment of the mind, body and soul. It is believed that it can alter such negative symptoms causing fertility such as smoking, obesity and unhealthy diet
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI)- It involves the collection, washing as well as a concentration of the healthy male sperm which is then placed inside the uterus.
- IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection – It is an advanced lab procedure that injects the healthy sperm into an egg to create a healthy embryo, which is implanted into a woman’s uterus
- Sperm retrieval – For this process, a sample of the male’s sperm is collected through the needle. It is generally done to men for whom ejaculation is not possible.
- Vasectomy reversal – It is a surgical procedure, where the interruption by a vasectomy is treated by reconnecting the male reproductive tract.
- Sperm donation – It is done in case of infertile men. When the couple has no problem with another man’s sperm to reproduce a baby, healthy sperm is collected from some other man who then fertilizes a woman’s egg.
- Hormone therapy – This therapy and medications are highly recommended to those who have low hormones, which is a reason for infertility.
- Assisted reproductive technology – ART is a treatment of male fertility technique which involves obtaining sperm through normal ejaculation, extraction through surgery or from male donor individuals, depending on the patient’s specific case history as well as the best way of treatment.